In 1971, the United States Congress designated August 26 as Women’s Equality Day in commemoration of the 51st anniversary of the passage of the 19th Amendment. The designation commended women and women’s organizations, the historic triumph of women’s suffrage, and reminded the nation of the continued fight for equal rights.
President Jimmy Carter declared the first National Women’s History Week in March 1980. The President’s declaration came in response to efforts by communities, local school districts, and universities around the nation to recognize and celebrate the contributions of women in American history. These local efforts culminated in 1987 with the first Presidential Proclamation recognizing March as Women’s History Month.
Explore Women’s History Month Resources on Florida Memory: http://floridamemory.com/onlineclassroom/women-history/
On March 4, 1824, Governor William P. Duval designated Tallahassee as the capital of the Florida territory.
The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) formed in 1942 with the purpose of challenging segregation laws in the United States through non-violent protest and civil disobedience.
CORE played a central role in several of the largest peaceful integration campaigns during the Civil Rights Movement, including Freedom Rides from the 1940s to the 1960s, the March on Washington in August 1963, the Mississippi Freedom Summer of 1964, and numerous sit-in demonstrations throughout the United States in the 1960s.
Learn more: http://floridamemory.com/blog/2014/02/26/tallahassee-core/
The Florida A&M University Hospital symbolized efforts by the black community to provide for its own health and wellness during segregation. Officially dedicated as a hospital on February 7, 1951, the institution first opened as a sanitarium in 1911. Before integration led to its closure in 1971, FAMU Hospital served as the only facility of its kind for African-Americans within 150 miles of Tallahassee.
View the full blog here: http://floridamemory.com/blog/2014/02/25/famu-hospital/
On March 5, 1954, Universal International Pictures released Creature from the Black Lagoon.
Find the full blog here: http://floridamemory.com/blog/2014/03/05/creature-from-the-black-lagoon-released-march-5-1954/
One of the schools founded by African-Americans in Tallahassee during Reconstruction was known as Lincoln Academy (later Lincoln High School). Opened in 1869, Lincoln initially served children in grades 1 through 12. Several prominent local citizens attended or taught at Lincoln, including educator and community leader John G. Riley.
View the full blog: http://floridamemory.com/blog/2014/02/24/lincoln-school-tallahassee/
During the summer of 1964, demonstrators held several nonviolent “wade-ins” at segregated hotel pools and beaches in St. Augustine.
This film shows footage taken by the Florida Highway Patrol of one of the largest demonstrations, a wade-in held at St. Augustine Beach on June 25, 1964. Civil rights leaders, such as Martin Luther King Jr., came to northeast Florida to show their support for the Movement.
Find the full video: http://floridamemory.com/items/show/232403